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Proceedings Paper

Mine detection using instantaneous spectral imaging
Author(s): Michael R. Descour; Eustace L. Dereniak; Abinash C. Dubey
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Paper Abstract

The performance of a temporally and spatially nonscanning imaging spectrometer is examined in the context of mine detection. The instrument is described in terms of computed- tomography concepts, specifically the central-slice theorem. The critical system element is a sequence of three transmission sinusoidal-phase gratings rotated in 60 degree increments which achieve dispersion in multiple directions and into multiple orders. The dispersed images of the system's fieldstop are interpreted as 2D projections of a 3D object cube. Due to finite focal-plane array size, this computed-tomography imaging spectrometer (CTIS) is an example of a limited-view-angle tomographic system. The imaging spectrometer's point-spread- function is measured experimentally as a function of wavelength and position in the field-of- view. Reconstruction of the object cube is then achieved via the Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm under the assumption of a Poisson likelihood law. The CTIS was tested in five experiments, each experiment utilizing a different target scene displayed on a video monitor. The five target scenes were: a 'University of Arizona' target, two minefield scenes (based on field data) including a simulated mine-like object produced by a HeNe-laser beam-print, and two minefield scenes including a simulated mine-like object produced by a laser-diode beam-print. In all five cases, the CTIS yielded accurate spatial and spectral signatures of the mine-like targets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 June 1995
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 2496, Detection Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets, (20 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.211325
Show Author Affiliations
Michael R. Descour, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Eustace L. Dereniak, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Abinash C. Dubey, Naval Surface Warfare Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2496:
Detection Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets
Abinash C. Dubey; Ivan Cindrich; James M. Ralston; Kelly A. Rigano, Editor(s)

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