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Proceedings Paper

Profile defects in novolac/DNQ resists: I. formation of microgrooves
Author(s): Peter Trefonas; George P. Mirth; Michael J. Monaghan; Pamela Turci; L. DeJordy; Catherine C. Meister
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Paper Abstract

The mechanisms of the formation of microgroove and protuberance defects in novolac/diazonaphthoquinone resists were studied and found to be influenced by the resist composition, the degree of substrate silylation, and the developer composition. Low molecular chains in the novolac polymer and high PAC contents promote the formation of microgrooves and protuberances. A mechanism is proposed wherein short polymer chains migrate toward the substrate interface and PAC migrates away from the substrate during post-bake; this migration enhances the dissolution rate near the substrate, leading to an undercut. The possibility that the migration of developer along the resist/substrate interface occurs through percolative diffusion is explored. Developer-induced hydrolysis of trimethylsilyl groups from the silylated substrate is shown to be a contributory mechanism in the formation of microgrooves. Adding select surfactants to the developer is shown to reduce the rate of substrate desilylation and inhibit microgroove formation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 June 1995
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 2438, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XII, (9 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.210345
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Trefonas, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)
George P. Mirth, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)
Michael J. Monaghan, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)
Pamela Turci, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)
L. DeJordy, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)
Catherine C. Meister, Shipley Co. Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2438:
Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XII
Robert D. Allen, Editor(s)

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