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Proceedings Paper

Optical-mechanical systems of high-speed photography in Russia
Author(s): Alexander S. Dubovik
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Paper Abstract

High-speed photographic recording as one of the most effective methods for studying high-speed processes, is used in solving contemprorary scientific and technological problems, thus facilitating engineering progress. High-speed photography is widely used in plasmas studying when is ofvital concern in developing new sources of energy (for example, controlled thermonuclear reaction and magnetohydrodynamical methods of direct trasformation of energy) powerful light sources, lasers and studying aerodynamic and hydrodynamic processes. The problems of fuel combustion in engines and furnaces, which are of decisive significance for automobile turbines, metallurgical and chemical industries also use investigations with the help of high-speed photography. In this way, methods of high-speed photography and cinematography have became one of most important means of technological advancement. In Russia, the first information appeared in the middle of the XVIII century, when luminary Academician Michael Lomonosov and your colleague the famous physicist, Academician Georg Reichman used the rotating mirror for investigating into lightning. In the second half of XIX century director of the Pulkov observatory Academician Struve, at the saue time as Physo, used the method of the modulate light by means of rotating a wheel for determiniting light velocity. Later the known Russian astrophysicist professor Belopolsky for the experimental testing of Dopler effect used that is known as the so-called optical acselerator (some rotating mirrors wich where instafixed on the wim of a wheel and magnified the velocity of light the beam movement and solved the problem. At the beginning of the XX century few methods of investigating high-speed processes where used to study burning and explosing by means of photochronographers by our outstanding scientists Academicians N.N. Semyenov and Ju.Chariton. Optical-mechanical systems for high-speed photography where widely used after the Second World War(1945) was constructed. In 1947 at the "Krasnodarsky plant" enterprise the first cinemacamera (SKS-1) with optical compensator. It was used up to now by a scientists. An extensive development of high-speed methods received recognition in the Institute of Chemical Physics the Academy Sciences of the USSR, under Leadership of Academicians N.N.Semyenov and M.A.Sadovsky and in the State Optical Institute headed by the Academician A.N. Terenin and professor E.N.Zarevsky. It began studies in the Field of methods and conctruction of devices for the recording and measuring spatial-time and power parameters of high-speed processes. Under the leadership of professor G.L. Shnirman and J.A.Cherny high-speed photochronographer and photocamera for measuring the velocity of the development, dimensions , the coloured and brightness temperatura and the distribution of the energy in the process under investigation wire constructed. The actual constructors were professor A.S. Dubovik and S.G.Grenidun and senior scientific worker P. V. Kevlisvily, G.P.Starcev and M.V.Leykin, leading engineers B.G.Belov, B.T. Vorobyev and l.a.Saburov. The important stage in the developing high-speed photography in Russia was constructed in 1948 (the Institute of Chemical Physics the USSR Academy Sciences) it was the universal hidh-speed photocamera and photochronograph SFR. By means of this instrument some thousands of impotent experements were carryed out in the various spheres of knowledge and tehnology. The centres of construction and production of hidh-speed devices are: the Institute Chemical Physics of the USSR Academy Sciences, the Earths physics of the USSR Academy Sciences, the Earths physics of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Industrial Enterprise "Krasnogorsky Plant" (Krasnogorsk) ,the Institute of fine mechanics and optics (St. Petersborg) , the Scientific-Industry Enterprise (SIE) , "Photopribor" (Cherkassy) , the Research Institute of optical-physical meansurements (RIOPhM) (Moscow) , the Moscow Construction Burean of cinema-apparatus (MCBCA) (Moscow). Like this optical-mechanical systems for high-speed photography and cinematography widely development in Russia and make it possible to solve scientific and technology problems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2513, 21st International Congress on: High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (30 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209601
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander S. Dubovik, Moscow Institute of Engineers for Geodesy, Aeriophotography, and Cartography (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2513:
21st International Congress on: High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Ung Kim; Joon-Sung Chang; Seung-Han Park, Editor(s)

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