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Proceedings Paper

Printability of substrate and absorber defects on extreme ultraviolet lithographic masks
Author(s): Khanh B. Nguyen; Avijit K. Ray-Chaudhuri; Daniel A. Tichenor; Richard H. Stulen; Rodney P. Nissen; Kurt W. Berger; Phillip H. Paul; Donald M. Tennant; Linus A. Fetter; David L. Windt; John E. Bjorkholm; Richard R. Freeman
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Paper Abstract

This paper reports results from a study of defect printability for extreme ultraviolet lithographic masks (EUVL). Imaging experiments were preformed with an EUVL mask containing programmed defects. The mask contained defects of different sizes and locations with respect to the absorber patterns. Since an EUVL mask consists of absorber layer patterned above a multilayer-coated substrate, both substrate defects, located below the reflective coating, and absorber defects, located above the reflective coating, were included on the programmed defect mask. The absorber layer was patterned using a process previously described by Tennant et al. Imaging was performed using a 10X Schwarzschild camera operating at 13.4 nm with a numerical aperture of 0.08, corresponding to a Rayleigh resolution of 0.1 micrometers . This system has an effective exposure field of 0.4 mm diameter. Both positive-tone and negative-tone resists were used. Measurements of the defect-induced linewidth variations on the printed resist lines were performed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Results show that substrate defects are more printable compared to defects of the same sizes located above the reflective coating. In addition, defects located in the center of a clear region in lines-and- space pattern are more printable compared to those located nearer to the absorber lines.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2437, Electron-Beam, X-Ray, EUV, and Ion-Beam Submicrometer Lithographies for Manufacturing V, (19 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209169
Show Author Affiliations
Khanh B. Nguyen, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Avijit K. Ray-Chaudhuri, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Daniel A. Tichenor, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Richard H. Stulen, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Rodney P. Nissen, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Kurt W. Berger, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Phillip H. Paul, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Donald M. Tennant, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)
Linus A. Fetter, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)
David L. Windt, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)
John E. Bjorkholm, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)
Richard R. Freeman, AT&T Bell Labs. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2437:
Electron-Beam, X-Ray, EUV, and Ion-Beam Submicrometer Lithographies for Manufacturing V
John M. Warlaumont, Editor(s)

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