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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive-passive vibration control systems for industrial applications
Author(s): D. Mayer; T. Pfeiffer; J. Vrbata; T. Melz
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Paper Abstract

Tuned vibration absorbers have become common for passive vibration reduction in many industrial applications. Lightly damped absorbers (also called neutralizers) can be used to suppress narrowband disturbances by tuning them to the excitation frequency. If the resonance is adapted in-operation, the performance of those devices can be significantly enhanced, or inertial mass can be decreased. However, the integration of actuators, sensors and control electronics into the system raises new design challenges. In this work, the development of adaptive-passive systems for vibration reduction at an industrial scale is presented. As an example, vibration reduction of a ship engine was studied in a full scale test. Simulations were used to study the feasibility and evaluate the system concept at an early stage. Several ways to adjust the resonance of the neutralizer were evaluated, including piezoelectric actuation and common mechatronic drives. Prototypes were implemented and tested. Since vibration absorbers suffer from high dynamic loads, reliability tests were used to assess the long-term behavior under operational conditions and to improve the components. It was proved that the adaptive systems are capable to withstand the mechanical loads in an industrial application. Also a control strategy had to be implemented in order to track the excitation frequency. The most mature concepts were integrated into the full scale test. An imbalance exciter was used to simulate the engine vibrations at a realistic level experimentally. The neutralizers were tested at varying excitation frequencies to evaluate the tracking capabilities of the control system. It was proved that a significant vibration reduction is possible.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2015
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9433, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2015, 94330E (1 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2086359
Show Author Affiliations
D. Mayer, Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit (Germany)
T. Pfeiffer, Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit (Germany)
J. Vrbata, Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit (Germany)
T. Melz, Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9433:
Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2015
Kevin M. Farinholt; Steven F. Griffin, Editor(s)

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