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Proceedings Paper

Output-only identification of civil structures using nonlinear finite element model updating
Author(s): Hamed Ebrahimian; Rodrigo Astroza; Joel P. Conte
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a novel approach for output-only nonlinear system identification of structures using data recorded during earthquake events. In this approach, state-of-the-art nonlinear structural FE modeling and analysis techniques are combined with Bayesian Inference method to estimate (i) time-invariant parameters governing the nonlinear hysteretic material constitutive models used in the FE model of the structure, and (ii) the time history of the earthquake ground motion. To validate the performance of the proposed framework, the simulated responses of a bridge pier to an earthquake ground motion is polluted with artificial output measurement noise and used to jointly estimate the unknown material parameters and the time history of the earthquake ground motion. This proof-of-concept example illustrates the successful performance of the proposed approach even in the presence of high measurement noise.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9438, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2015, 943819 (23 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084573
Show Author Affiliations
Hamed Ebrahimian, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Rodrigo Astroza, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Univ. de Los Andes (Chile)
Joel P. Conte, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9438:
Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2015
Tribikram Kundu, Editor(s)

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