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Proceedings Paper

Applications of nano and smart materials in renewable energy production and storage devices
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents development of renewable energy production and storage devices employing nanomaterials and smart materials. The use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene nanosheets (GNS) to improve the performance and durability of wind turbine and wave rotor blades will be explained. While GNS are primary used for the performance enhancement of the resin system called Nanoresin, CNT Nanoforests and Nanofilms are used to improve the performance of fiber systems in high-performance Nanocomposites. In addition, the use of CNTs and piezo-nanofibers will be explained as the health monitoring and smart systems within the composites. A self-healing mechanism will also be explained within the composites using these materials. Next the use of CNTs as gas diffusion layers and CNTs combined with in-situ generated platinum nanoparticles as catalyst layers will be explained to improve the performance, efficiency, and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells while reducing their costs, weight, and size. In addition, the use of CNTs and GNSs to improve the efficiency and performance of polymer solar cells will be explained. Finally, the use of CNTs and GNSs to enhance the performance, efficiency, and durability of batteries and supercapacitors while reducing their costs, weight, and size will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9439, Smart Materials and Nondestructive Evaluation for Energy Systems 2015, 94390J (27 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084347
Show Author Affiliations
Mehrdad N. Ghasemi-Nejhad, Univ. of Hawai'i at Manoa (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9439:
Smart Materials and Nondestructive Evaluation for Energy Systems 2015
Norbert G. Meyendorf, Editor(s)

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