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Proceedings Paper

Extended-shortwave infrared unipolar barrier detectors
Author(s): G. W. Wicks; T. D. Golding; Manish Jain; G. R. Savich; D. E. Sidor; X. Du; M. C. Debnath; T. D. Mishima; M. B. Santos
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Paper Abstract

The e-SWIR wavelength band is a performance gap for infrared detectors. At both shorter and longer wavelengths, high performance detector technologies exist: SWIR InGaAs detectors (1.7 micron cutoff), and MWIR (3-5 micron) detectors such as InAs-based and GaSb-based Unipolar Barriers, MCT, and InSb. This work discusses development of high performance e-SWIR detectors with cutoff wavelengths in the 2.7 - 2.8 micron range. Two approaches for e-SWIR detector absorber materials were evaluated, lengthening the wavelength response of the SWIR InGaAs technology and shortening the wavelength response of MWIR GaSb-based technology. The InGaAs e- SWIR approach employs mismatched InGaAs absorber layers on InP substrates, using graded AlInAs buffer layers. The GaSb-based approach uses lattice-matched InGaAsSb absorber layers on GaSb substrates. Additionally, two device architectures were examined, pn-based photodiodes and unipolar barrier photodiodes. For both of the absorber materials, the unipolar barrier device architecture was found to be superior. The unipolar barrier device architecture enables both types of device to be free of effects of surface leakage currents and generation-recombination dark currents. InGaAsSb-based devices show excellent performance, with diffusion-limited dark current within a factor of 2-4 of the HgCdTe standard, Rule 07. They achieve background-limited (BLIP) performance at T=210K, which is accessible by thermo-electric coolers. As expected, defects associated with latticemismatch increase dark currents of the InP-based approach. The dark currents of the mismatched unipolar barrier photodiodes are 30x larger than those of the lattice-matched GaSb approach, however despite the defects, the devices still exhibit diffusion-limited operation, and achieve BLIP operation at T=190K Further improvements in the InP-based approach are expected with refinements in the epitaxial structures. Both types of detector approaches are excellent alternatives to conventional e-SWIR detectors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 February 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9370, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XII, 937023 (8 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083861
Show Author Affiliations
G. W. Wicks, Amethyst Research Inc. (United States)
Univ. of Rochester (United States)
T. D. Golding, Amethyst Research Inc. (United States)
Manish Jain, Amethyst Research Inc. (United Kingdom)
G. R. Savich, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
D. E. Sidor, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
X. Du, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
M. C. Debnath, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
T. D. Mishima, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
M. B. Santos, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9370:
Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XII
Manijeh Razeghi; Eric Tournié; Gail J. Brown, Editor(s)

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