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Proceedings Paper

Effect of carbon nanotubes on properties of cement-sand-based piezoelectric composites
Author(s): Sunjung Kim; Ping Zhao; Emmanuel Enemuoh
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Paper Abstract

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) were dispersed in a cement-sand-based piezoelectric smart composite as conductive fillers to improve its poling efficiency, leading to a desirable piezoelectric effect. By introducing a small amount of CNTs, continuous electric networks between Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) particles were created, thus making the composite poling easier. Specimens were prepared by mixing PZT powders, Portland cement and sand with CNTs, followed by pressing it with a load frame system. The effect of quantity of CNTs ranging from 0 to 1.0 volume percent on properties of the composite, including its piezoelectric coefficient, dielectric constant and loss, and sensing effects, were characterized. It was found that the addition of CNTs facilitated effective poling at room temperature and improved the piezoelectric and dielectric properties of the composite. The composite modified by CNTs achieved optimal properties when the CNTs content was 0.7 vol.%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9432, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2015, 943208 (1 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083854
Show Author Affiliations
Sunjung Kim, Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth (United States)
Ping Zhao, Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth (United States)
Emmanuel Enemuoh, Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9432:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2015
Nakhiah C. Goulbourne, Editor(s)

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