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Proceedings Paper

Photonic and plasmonic modulators based on optical switching in VO2
Author(s): Richard F. Haglund; Sharon M. Weiss; Kannatassen Appavoo
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Paper Abstract

Researchers all over the world are competing in a technology-driven quest to develop the next generation of ultrasmall, low-power photonic and plasmonic devices. One route to this objective involves hybrid structures that incorporate a phase-changing material into the structure, creating a nanocomposite material in which the optical response of a plasmonic or photonic structure is modulated by a change in phase, crystallinity or dielectric function induced by thermal, optical or electrical stimulus. Vanadium dioxide (VO2) has been considered as a potential electro-optic switching material for electronic and photonic applications ever since its semiconductor-to-metal transition (SMT) was first described half a century ago. This review describes the application of vanadium dioxide as the switching element in (i) a hybrid silicon ring resonator and (ii) a polarization-sensitive, multifunctional plasmonic modulator in the form of a nanoscale heterodimer. As is now widely known, the SMT in VO2 is also accompanied by a structural phase transition (SPT) from the M1 (monoclinic) to a rutile (tetragonal, R) crystalline form that was believed to prevent a fast recovery after switching. However, recent research has shown that this picture is oversimplified, and that there is a monoclinic metallic state that enables true ultrafast switching. That understanding, in turn, is leading to new concepts in developing hybrid nanocomposites that incorporate VO2 in silicon photonics and plasmonic modulators, enabling the construction of ultrafast optical switches, modulators and memory elements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 February 2015
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9370, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XII, 93701C (8 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083422
Show Author Affiliations
Richard F. Haglund, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Sharon M. Weiss, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Kannatassen Appavoo, Brookhaven National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9370:
Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XII
Manijeh Razeghi; Eric Tournié; Gail J. Brown, Editor(s)

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