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Proceedings Paper

Body-wide anatomy recognition in PET/CT images
Author(s): Huiqian Wang; Jayaram K. Udupa; Dewey Odhner; Yubing Tong; Liming Zhao; Drew A. Torigian
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Paper Abstract

With the rapid growth of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)-based medical applications, body-wide anatomy recognition on whole-body PET/CT images becomes crucial for quantifying body-wide disease burden. This, however, is a challenging problem and seldom studied due to unclear anatomy reference frame and low spatial resolution of PET images as well as low contrast and spatial resolution of the associated low-dose CT images. We previously developed an automatic anatomy recognition (AAR) system [15] whose applicability was demonstrated on diagnostic computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images in different body regions on 35 objects. The aim of the present work is to investigate strategies for adapting the previous AAR system to low-dose CT and PET images toward automated body-wide disease quantification. Our adaptation of the previous AAR methodology to PET/CT images in this paper focuses on 16 objects in three body regions – thorax, abdomen, and pelvis – and consists of the following steps: collecting whole-body PET/CT images from existing patient image databases, delineating all objects in these images, modifying the previous hierarchical models built from diagnostic CT images to account for differences in appearance in low-dose CT and PET images, automatically locating objects in these images following object hierarchy, and evaluating performance. Our preliminary evaluations indicate that the performance of the AAR approach on low-dose CT images achieves object localization accuracy within about 2 voxels, which is comparable to the accuracies achieved on diagnostic contrast-enhanced CT images. Object recognition on low-dose CT images from PET/CT examinations without requiring diagnostic contrast-enhanced CT seems feasible.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9415, Medical Imaging 2015: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 941518 (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082718
Show Author Affiliations
Huiqian Wang, Chongqing Univ. (China)
Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Jayaram K. Udupa, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Dewey Odhner, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Yubing Tong, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Liming Zhao, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Chongqing Univ. (China)
Drew A. Torigian, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9415:
Medical Imaging 2015: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Robert J. Webster; Ziv R. Yaniv, Editor(s)

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