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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of a video-based head motion tracking system for dedicated brain PET
Author(s): S. Anishchenko; D. Beylin; P. Stepanov; A. Stepanov; I. N. Weinberg; S. Schaeffer; V. Zavarzin; D. Shaposhnikov; M. F. Smith
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Paper Abstract

Unintentional head motion during Positron Emission Tomography (PET) data acquisition can degrade PET image quality and lead to artifacts. Poor patient compliance, head tremor, and coughing are examples of movement sources. Head motion due to patient non-compliance can be an issue with the rise of amyloid brain PET in dementia patients. To preserve PET image resolution and quantitative accuracy, head motion can be tracked and corrected in the image reconstruction algorithm. While fiducial markers can be used, a contactless approach is preferable. A video-based head motion tracking system for a dedicated portable brain PET scanner was developed. Four wide-angle cameras organized in two stereo pairs are used for capturing video of the patient’s head during the PET data acquisition. Facial points are automatically tracked and used to determine the six degree of freedom head pose as a function of time. The presented work evaluated the newly designed tracking system using a head phantom and a moving American College of Radiology (ACR) phantom. The mean video-tracking error was 0.99±0.90 mm relative to the magnetic tracking device used as ground truth. Qualitative evaluation with the ACR phantom shows the advantage of the motion tracking application. The developed system is able to perform tracking with accuracy close to millimeter and can help to preserve resolution of brain PET images in presence of movements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94121P (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082137
Show Author Affiliations
S. Anishchenko, Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine (United States)
Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
D. Beylin, Brain Biosciences, Inc.. (United States)
P. Stepanov, Brain Biosciences, Inc.. (United States)
A. Stepanov, Brain Biosciences, Inc. (United States)
I. N. Weinberg, Brain Biosciences, Inc.. (United States)
S. Schaeffer, Brain Biosciences, Inc.. (United States)
V. Zavarzin, Brain Biosciences, Inc. (United States)
D. Shaposhnikov, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
M. F. Smith, Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9412:
Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging
Christoph Hoeschen; Despina Kontos, Editor(s)

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