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Proceedings Paper

Nucleus detection using gradient orientation information and linear least squares regression
Author(s): Jin Tae Kwak; Stephen M. Hewitt; Sheng Xu; Peter A. Pinto; Bradford J. Wood
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Paper Abstract

Computerized histopathology image analysis enables an objective, efficient, and quantitative assessment of digitized histopathology images. Such analysis often requires an accurate and efficient detection and segmentation of histological structures such as glands, cells and nuclei. The segmentation is used to characterize tissue specimens and to determine the disease status or outcomes. The segmentation of nuclei, in particular, is challenging due to the overlapping or clumped nuclei. Here, we propose a nuclei seed detection method for the individual and overlapping nuclei that utilizes the gradient orientation or direction information. The initial nuclei segmentation is provided by a multiview boosting approach. The angle of the gradient orientation is computed and traced for the nuclear boundaries. Taking the first derivative of the angle of the gradient orientation, high concavity points (junctions) are discovered. False junctions are found and removed by adopting a greedy search scheme with the goodness-of-fit statistic in a linear least squares sense. Then, the junctions determine boundary segments. Partial boundary segments belonging to the same nucleus are identified and combined by examining the overlapping area between them. Using the final set of the boundary segments, we generate the list of seeds in tissue images. The method achieved an overall precision of 0.89 and a recall of 0.88 in comparison to the manual segmentation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9420, Medical Imaging 2015: Digital Pathology, 94200N (19 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081413
Show Author Affiliations
Jin Tae Kwak, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)
Stephen M. Hewitt, National Cancer Institute (United States)
Sheng Xu, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)
Peter A. Pinto, National Cancer Institute (United States)
Bradford J. Wood, National Cancer Institute (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9420:
Medical Imaging 2015: Digital Pathology
Metin N. Gurcan; Anant Madabhushi, Editor(s)

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