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Proceedings Paper

Routing of deep-subwavelength optical beams without reflection and diffraction using infinitely anisotropic metamaterials
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Paper Abstract

Media that are described by extreme electromagnetic parameters, such as very large/small permittivity/permeability, have generated significant fundamental and applied interest in recent years. Notable examples include epsilon-near-zero, ultra-low refractive-index, and ultra-high refractive-index materials. Many photonic structures, such as waveguides, lenses, and photonic band gap materials, benefit greatly from the large index contrast provided by such media. In this paper, I discuss our recent work on media with infinite anisotropy, i.e., infinite permittivity (permeability) in one direction and finite in the other directions. As an illustration of the unusual optical behaviors that result from infinite anisotropy, I describe efficient light transport in deep-subwavelength apertures filled with infinitely anisotropic media. I then point out some of the opportunities that exist for controlling light at the nano-scale using infinitely anisotropic media by themselves. First, I show that a single medium with infinite anisotropy enables diffraction-free propagation of deep-subwavelength beams. Next, I demonstrate interfaces between two infinitely anisotropic media that are impedancematched for complete deep-subwavelength beams and enable reflection-free routing with zero bend radius that is entirely free from diffraction effects even when deep-subwavelength information is encoded on the beams. These behaviors indicate an unprecedented possibility to use media with infinite anisotropy to manipulate beams with deepsubwavelength features, including complete images. To illustrate physical realizability, I demonstrate a metamaterial design using existing materials in a planar geometry, which can be implemented using well-established nanofabrication techniques. This approach provides a path to deep-subwavelength routing of information-carrying beams and far-field imaging unencumbered by diffraction and reflection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9361, Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XIX, 936112 (14 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081040
Show Author Affiliations
Peter B. Catrysse, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Shanhui Fan, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9361:
Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XIX
Markus Betz; Abdulhakem Y. Elezzabi; Kong-Thon Tsen, Editor(s)

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