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Proceedings Paper

Multilevel micro-structuring of glassy carbon for precision glass molding of diffractive optical elements
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Paper Abstract

A consumer market for diffractive optical elements in glass can only be created if high efficient elements are available at affordable prices. In diffractive optics the efficiency and optical properties increases with the number of levels used, but in the same way the costs are multiplied by the number if fabrication steps. Replication of multilevel diffractive optical elements in glass would allow cost efficient fabrication but a suitable mold material is needed. Glassy carbon shows a high mechanical strength, thermal stability and non-sticking adhesion properties, which makes it an excellent candidate as mold material for precision compression molding of low and high glass-transition temperature materials. We introduce an 8 level micro structuring process for glassy carbon molds with standard photolithography and a Ti layer as hard mask for reactive ion etching. The molds were applied to thermal imprinting onto low and high transition temperature glass. Optical performance was tested for the molded samples with different designs for laser beamsplitters. The results show a good agreement to the design specification. Our result allow us to show limitations of our fabrication technique and we discussed the suitability of precision glass molding for cost efficient mass production with a high quality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9374, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics VIII, 937410 (13 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2080762
Show Author Affiliations
Karin Prater, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Julia Dukwen, Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionstechnologie (Germany)
Toralf Scharf, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Hans Peter Herzig, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Sven Plöger, HOLOEYE Photonics AG (Germany)
Andreas Hermerschmidt, HOLOEYE Photonics AG (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9374:
Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics VIII
Georg von Freymann; Winston V. Schoenfeld; Raymond C. Rumpf; Henry Helvajian, Editor(s)

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