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Proceedings Paper

Optical characterization of vitreous structure in health and disease
Author(s): Ashwin Sampathkumar; Matin Khoshnevis; Jeffrey A. Ketterling; Jerry Sebag
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Paper Abstract

Patients with myopic vitreopathy (MV) and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) see floaters, which often can degrade contrast sensitivity to a significant extent. The floaters are associated with irregularly shaped vitreous opacities. In contrast, asteroid hyalosis (AH), which is characterized by microscopic, spherical, white asteroid bodies (ABs) that move with vitreous displacement during eye movements, does not interfere significantly with vision. We hypothesize that the irregular surface of vitreous opacities associated with MV distinguish MV from AH and its smooth-surfaced ABs. A finite-element model was developed to characterize the light-scattering field of vitreous opacities in MV and AH. Vitreous opacities were modeled as spherical bodies and illuminated by a plane wave of light in the optical wavelength of 400-1000 nm. The model has provisions to add random perturbations to the spherical surfaces to vary light-scattering properties and mimic disturbances in vision from simple diffraction rings to more-complex patterns. Samples of ex vivo porcine vitreous (0.4-0.5 ml) were placed in a custom spectrophotometer and the static, light-scattering field of the sample was measured in the spectral range of 400-1000 nm with a resolution of 0.3 nm. Model solutions mimicking healthy vitreous and AH were experimentally validated using a laboratory optical apparatus. Model-based estimates of scattering cross-sections of calibrated gold nanoparticles were found to be in good agreement with experimental measurements. Simulation results potentially can complement experimental data to quantitatively characterize vitreous opacities and distinguish between structures that significantly impact vision, such as those due to myopic vitreopathy and aging, from those that have little impact, like ABs. Such techniques to determine the structural significance of vitreous opacification would be very useful in selecting patients for surgery as well as evaluating the efficacy of experimental therapies for floaters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9307, Ophthalmic Technologies XXV, 930714 (20 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2080543
Show Author Affiliations
Ashwin Sampathkumar, F.L. Lizzi Ctr. for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research Institute (United States)
Matin Khoshnevis, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
VMR Institute for Vitreous Macula Retina (United States)
Jeffrey A. Ketterling, Riverside Research Institute (United States)
Jerry Sebag, VMR Institute (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9307:
Ophthalmic Technologies XXV
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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