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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of rat model of acute anterior uveitis using optical coherence tomography angiography
Author(s): Woo June Choi; Kathryn L. Pepple; Zhongwei Zhi; Ruikang K. Wang
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Paper Abstract

Uveitis, or ocular inflammation, is a cause of severe visual impairment. Rodent models of uveitis are powerful tools used to investigate the pathological mechanisms of ocular inflammation and to study the efficacy of new therapies prior to human testing. In this paper, we report the utility of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) angiography in characterizing the inflammatory changes induced in the anterior segment of a rat model of uveitis. Acute anterior uveitis (AAU) was induced in two rats by intravitreal injection of a killed mycobacterial extract. One of them received a concurrent periocular injection of steroids to model a treatment effect. OCT imaging was performed prior to inflammation induction on day 0 (baseline), and 2 days post-injection (peak inflammation). Baseline and inflamed images were compared. OCT angiography identified swelling of the cornea, inflammatory cells in the anterior and posterior chambers, a fibrinous papillary membrane, and dilation of iris vessels in the inflamed eyes when compared to baseline images. Steroid treatment was shown to prevent the changes associated with inflammation. This is a novel application of anterior OCT imaging in animal models of uveitis, and provides a high resolution, in vivo assay for detecting and quantifying ocular inflammation and the response to new therapies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9307, Ophthalmic Technologies XXV, 93071Z (20 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2080484
Show Author Affiliations
Woo June Choi, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Kathryn L. Pepple, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Zhongwei Zhi, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Ruikang K. Wang, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9307:
Ophthalmic Technologies XXV
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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