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Proceedings Paper

Enhancing the low frequency THz resonances (< 1 THz) of organic molecules via electronegative atom substitution
Author(s): Jyotirmayee Dash; Shaumik Ray; Bala Pesala
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Paper Abstract

Terahertz (THz) technology is an active area of research with various applications in non-intrusive imaging and spectroscopy. Very few organic molecules have significant resonances below 1 THz. Understanding the origin of low frequency THz modes in these molecules and their absence in other molecules could be extremely important in design and engineering molecules with low frequency THz resonances. These engineered molecules can be used as THz tags for anti-counterfeiting applications. Studies show that low frequency THz resonances are commonly observed in molecules having higher molecular mass and weak intermolecular hydrogen bonds. In this paper, we have explored the possibility of enhancing the strength of THz resonances below 1 THz through electronegative atom substitution. Adding an electronegative atom helps in achieving higher hydrogen bond strength to enhance the resonances below 1 THz. Here acetanilide has been used as a model system. THz-Time Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) results show that acetanilide has a small peak observed below 1 THz. Acetanilide can be converted to 2-fluoroacetanilide by adding an electronegative atom, fluorine, which doesn’t have any prominent peak below 1 THz. However, by optimally choosing the position of the electronegative atom as in 4-fluoroacetanilide, a significant THz resonance at 0.86 THz is observed. The origin of low frequency resonances can be understood by carrying out Density Functional Theory (DFT) simulations of full crystal structure. These studies show that adding an electronegative atom to the organic molecules at an optimized position can result in significantly enhanced resonances below 1 THz.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9362, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications VIII, 93620G (14 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2079585
Show Author Affiliations
Jyotirmayee Dash, CSIR Central Economics Engineering Research Institute (India)
CSIR-SERC (India)
Shaumik Ray, CSIR Central Economics Engineering Research Institute (India)
CSIR-SERC (India)
Bala Pesala, CSIR Central Economics Engineering Research Institute (India)
CSIR-SERC (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9362:
Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications VIII
Laurence P. Sadwick; Tianxin Yang, Editor(s)

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