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Proceedings Paper

Distributed feedback interband cascade lasers for applications in research and industry
Author(s): J. Koeth; M. von Edlinger; J. Scheuermann; L. Nähle; L. Hildebrandt; M. Fischer; R. Weih; M. Kamp
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Paper Abstract

In recent years, the use of laser sources in gas sensing applications has been increasing continuously. Tunable Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TLAS) has proven to be a versatile tool in a variety of sectors including industry, health and security and modern environmental analysis. Especially the mid-infrared wavelength range is of great interest for high accuracy gas sensing applications, since many technologically and industrially relevant gas species have their strongest absorption features in the spectral region between 3 and 6 μm. These include, e. g., important hydrocarbons like methane or propane, as well as nitric oxide and formaldehyde. Interband cascade lasers (ICL) provide mono mode continuous wave (CW) operation above room temperature in this wavelength range. Application-grade complex coupled distributed feedback (DFB) laser devices based on the ICL concept are presented, using lateral metal gratings as wavelength selective elements. The fabricated devices operate at specific, technologically relevant, emission wavelengths in the spectral region from 3 to 6 μm. CW operation up to 80 °C and mono mode wavelength tuning ranges above 20 nm were achieved with low energy consumption. Application examples in industry and research are presented that demonstrate the high potential of DFB ICLs for the use in TLAS. E. g., formaldehyde gas sensor systems based on DFB ICL devices operating around 3.6 μm can provide realtime in-situ measurements with resolution limits in the low ppb range, even in dense background atmospheres. The low power consumption of ICL based devices makes them especially favorable for battery-powered or portable sensor applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9382, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XIV, 93820V (10 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2079513
Show Author Affiliations
J. Koeth, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
M. von Edlinger, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
J. Scheuermann, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
L. Nähle, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
L. Hildebrandt, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
M. Fischer, nanoplus GmbH (Germany)
R. Weih, Julius-Maximilians-Univ. Würzburg (Germany)
M. Kamp, Julius-Maximilians-Univ. Würzburg (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9382:
Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XIV
Alexey A. Belyanin; Peter M. Smowton, Editor(s)

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