Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Wavelength-tunable filter utilizing non-cyclic arrayed waveguide grating to create colorless, directionless, contentionless ROADMs
Author(s): Masaki Niwa; Shoichi Takashina; Yojiro Mori; Hiroshi Hasegawa; Ken-ichi Sato; Toshio Watanabe
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

With the continuous increase in Internet traffic, reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers (ROADMs) have been widely adopted in the core and metro core networks. Current ROADMs, however, allow only static operation. To realize future dynamic optical-network services, and to minimize any human intervention in network operation, the optical signal add/drop part should have colorless/directionless/contentionless (C/D/C) capabilities. This is possible with matrix switches or a combination of splitter-switches and optical tunable filters. The scale of the matrix switch increases with the square of the number of supported channels, and hence, the matrix-switch-based architecture is not suitable for creating future large-scale ROADMs. In contrast, the numbers of splitter ports, switches, and tunable filters increase linearly with the number of supported channels, and hence the tunable-filter-based architecture will support all future traffic. So far, we have succeeded in fabricating a compact tunable filter that consists of multi-stage cyclic arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWGs) and switches by using planar-lightwave-circuit (PLC) technologies. However, this multistage configuration suffers from large insertion loss and filter narrowing. Moreover, power-consuming temperature control is necessary since it is difficult to make cyclic AWGs athermal. We propose here novel tunable-filter architecture that sandwiches a single-stage non-cyclic athermal AWG having flatter-topped passbands between small-scale switches. With this configuration, the optical tunable filter attains low insertion loss, large passband bandwidths, low power consumption, compactness, and high cost-effectiveness. A prototype is monolithically fabricated with PLC technologies and its excellent performance is experimentally confirmed utilizing 80-channel 30-GBaud dual-polarization quadrature phase-shift-keying (QPSK) signals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9388, Optical Metro Networks and Short-Haul Systems VII, 938807 (7 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078522
Show Author Affiliations
Masaki Niwa, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Shoichi Takashina, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Yojiro Mori, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Hasegawa, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Ken-ichi Sato, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Toshio Watanabe, NTT Device Innovation Ctr. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9388:
Optical Metro Networks and Short-Haul Systems VII
Atul K. Srivastava; Benjamin B. Dingel; Achyut K. Dutta, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top