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Proceedings Paper

Quantification of cell surface receptor expression in live tissue culture media using a dual-tracer stain and rinse approach
Author(s): Xiaochun Xu; Lagnojita Sinha; Aparna Singh; Cynthia Yang; Jialing Xiang; Kenneth M. Tichauer
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Paper Abstract

Immunofluorescence staining is a robust way to visualize the distribution of targeted biomolecules invasively in in fixed tissues and tissue culture. Despite the fact that these methods has been a well-established method in fixed tissue imaging for over 70 years, quantification of receptor concentration still simply assumes that the signal from the targeted fluorescent marker after incubation and sufficient rinsing is directly proportional to the concentration of targeted biomolecules, thus neglecting the experimental inconsistencies in incubation and rinsing procedures and assuming no, nonspecific binding of the fluorescent markers. This work presents the first imaging approach capable of quantifying the concentration of cell surface receptor on cancer cells grown in vitro based on compartment modeling in a nondestructive way. The approach utilizes a dual-tracer protocol where any non-specific retention or variability in incubation and rinsing of a receptor-targeted imaging agent is corrected by simultaneously imaging the retention of a chemically similar, “untargeted” imaging agent. Various different compartment models were used to analyze the data in order to find the optimal procedure for extracting estimates of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) concentration (a receptor overexpressed in many cancers and a key target for emerging molecular therapies) in tissue cultures with varying concentrations of human glioma cells (U251). Preliminary results demonstrated a need to model nonspecific binding of both the targeted and untargeted imaging agents used. The approach could be used to carry out the first repeated measures of cell surface receptor dynamics during 3D tumor mass development, in addition to the receptor response to therapies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9328, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues XIII, 932814 (2 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078472
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaochun Xu, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)
Lagnojita Sinha, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)
Aparna Singh, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)
Cynthia Yang, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)
Jialing Xiang, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)
Kenneth M. Tichauer, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9328:
Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues XIII
Daniel L. Farkas; Dan V. Nicolau; Robert C. Leif, Editor(s)

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