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Proceedings Paper

Surface modification, heterojunctions, and other structures: composing metal oxide nanocrystals for chemical sensors
Author(s): Mauro Epifani; Elisabetta Comini; Raül Díaz; Aziz Genç; Jordi Arbiol; Teresa Andreu; Pietro Siciliano; Guido Faglia; Joan R. Morante
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Paper Abstract

The modification of the surface reception properties of nanocrystalline structures is of great interest in environmental, catalysis and energy related applications. For instance, an oxide surface covered with a layer of another oxide opens the possibility of creating the nanosized counterparts of bulk catalytic systems. A relevant example is the TiO2-WO3, which is an active catalysts in a broad range of reactions. The chemical synthesis of the colloidal, nanocrystalline version of such system will first be exposed, by coupling suitable sol-gel chemistry with solvothermal processing. Then, the range of obtained structures will be discussed, ranging from WOx-surface modified TiO2 to TiO2-WO3 heterojunctions. The complex structural evolution of the materials will be discussed, depending on the W concentration. A summary of the acetone sensing properties of these systems will be shown. In particular, the surface activation of the otherwise almost inactive pure TiO2 by surface deposition of WO3-like layers will be highlighted. Addition of the smallest W concentration boosted the sensor response to values comparable to those of pure WO3, ranging over 2-3 orders of magnitude of conductance variation in presence of ethanol or acetone gases. Simple analysis of the sensing data will evidence that the combination of such nanocrystalline oxides results in catalytic activation effects, with exactly opposite trend, with respect to pure TiO2, of the activation energies and best responses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9364, Oxide-based Materials and Devices VI, 936415 (13 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078017
Show Author Affiliations
Mauro Epifani, Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi (Italy)
Elisabetta Comini, Univ. degli Studi di Brescia (Italy)
Raül Díaz, IMDEA Energy Institute (Spain)
Aziz Genç, Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (Spain)
Jordi Arbiol, Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (Spain)
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (Spain)
Teresa Andreu, Institut de Recerca en Energia de Catalunya (Spain)
Pietro Siciliano, Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi (Italy)
Guido Faglia, Univ. degli Studi di Brescia (Italy)
Joan R. Morante, Institut de Recerca en Energia de Catalunya (Spain)
Univ. de Barcelona (Spain)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9364:
Oxide-based Materials and Devices VI
Ferechteh H. Teherani; David C. Look; David J. Rogers, Editor(s)

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