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Proceedings Paper

Reagentless chemiluminescence-based fiber optic sensors for regenerative life support in space
Author(s): James E. Atwater; James R. Akse; Jeffrey DeHart; Richard R. Wheeler
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Paper Abstract

The initial feasibility demonstration of a reagentless chemiluminescence based fiber optic sensor technology for use in advanced regenerative life support applications in space and planetary outposts is described. The primary constraints for extraterrestrial deployment of any technology are compatibility with microgravity and hypogravity environments; minimal size, weight, and power consumption; and minimal use of expendables due to the great expense and difficulty inherent to resupply logistics. In the current research, we report the integration of solid state flow through modules for the production of aqueous phase reagents into an integrated system for the detection of important analytes by chemiluminescence, with fiber optic light transmission. By minimizing the need for resupply expendables, the use of solid phase modules makes complex chemical detection schemes practical. For the proof of concept, hydrogen peroxide and glucose were chosen as analytes. The reaction is catalyzed by glucose oxidase, an immobilized enzyme. The aqueous phase chemistry required for sensor operation is implemented using solid phase modules which adjust the pH of the influent stream, catalyze the oxidation of analyte, and provide the controlled addition of the luminophore to the flowing aqueous stream. Precise control of the pH has proven essential for the long-term sustained release of the luminophore. Electrocatalysis is achieved using a controlled potential across gold mesh and gold foil electrodes which undergo periodic polarity reversals. The development and initial characterization of performance of the reagentless fiber optic chemiluminescence sensors are presented in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 1995
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2574, Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop, (20 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.207747
Show Author Affiliations
James E. Atwater, UMPQUA Research Co. (United States)
James R. Akse, UMPQUA Research Co. (United States)
Jeffrey DeHart, UMPQUA Research Co. (United States)
Richard R. Wheeler, UMPQUA Research Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2574:
Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop
Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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