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Proceedings Paper

UWGSP7: a real-time optical imaging workstation
Author(s): John E. Bush; Yongmin Kim; Stan D. Pennington; Andrew P. Alleman
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Paper Abstract

With the development of UWGSP7, the University of Washington Image Computing Systems Laboratory has a real-time workstation for continuous-wave (cw) optical reflectance imaging. Recent discoveries in optical science and imaging research have suggested potential practical use of the technology as a medical imaging modality and identified the need for a machine to support these applications in real time. The UWGSP7 system was developed to provide researchers with a high-performance, versatile tool for use in optical imaging experiments with the eventual goal of bringing the technology into clinical use. One of several major applications of cw optical reflectance imaging is tumor imaging which uses a light-absorbing dye that preferentially sequesters in tumor tissue. This property could be used to locate tumors and to identify tumor margins intraoperatively. Cw optical reflectance imaging consists of illumination of a target with a band-limited light source and monitoring the light transmitted by or reflected from the target. While continuously illuminating the target, a control image is acquired and stored. A dye is injected into a subject and a sequence of data images are acquired and processed. The data images are aligned with the control image and then subtracted to obtain a signal representing the change in optical reflectance over time. This signal can be enhanced by digital image processing and displayed in pseudo-color. This type of emerging imaging technique requires a computer system that is versatile and adaptable. The UWGSP7 utilizes a VESA local bus PC as a host computer running the Windows NT operating system and includes ICSL developed add-on boards for image acquisition and processing. The image acquisition board is used to digitize and format the analog signal from the input device into digital frames and to the average frames into images. To accommodate different input devices, the camera interface circuitry is designed in a small mezzanine board that supports the RS-170 standard. The image acquisition board is connected to the image- processing board using a direct connect port which provides a 66 Mbytes/s channel independent of the system bus. The image processing board utilizes the Texas Instruments TMS320C80 Multimedia Video Processor chip. This chip is capable of 2 billion operations per second providing the UWGSP7 with the capability to perform real-time image processing functions like median filtering, convolution and contrast enhancement. This processing power allows interactive analysis of the experiments as compared to current practice of off-line processing and analysis. Due to its flexibility and programmability, the UWGSP7 can be adapted into various research needs in intraoperative optical imaging.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 1995
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 2431, Medical Imaging 1995: Image Display, (27 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.207637
Show Author Affiliations
John E. Bush, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Yongmin Kim, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Stan D. Pennington, OPTIMEDx Inc. (United States)
Andrew P. Alleman, ADC Kentrox, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2431:
Medical Imaging 1995: Image Display
Yongmin Kim, Editor(s)

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