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Proceedings Paper

Optimal-mass-transfer-based estimation of glymphatic transport in living brain
Author(s): Vadim Ratner; Liangjia Zhu; Ivan Kolesov; Maiken Nedergaard; Helene Benveniste; Allen Tannenbaum
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Paper Abstract

It was recently shown that the brain-wide cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and interstitial fluid exchange system designated the ‘glymphatic pathway’ plays a key role in removing waste products from the brain, similarly to the lymphatic system in other body organs . It is therefore important to study the flow patterns of glymphatic transport through the live brain in order to better understand its functionality in normal and pathological states. Unlike blood, the CSF does not flow rapidly through a network of dedicated vessels, but rather through para-vascular channels and brain parenchyma in a slower time-domain, and thus conventional fMRI or other blood-flow sensitive MRI sequences do not provide much useful information about the desired flow patterns. We have accordingly analyzed a series of MRI images, taken at different times, of the brain of a live rat, which was injected with a paramagnetic tracer into the CSF via the lumbar intrathecal space of the spine. Our goal is twofold: (a) find glymphatic (tracer) flow directions in the live rodent brain; and (b) provide a model of a (healthy) brain that will allow the prediction of tracer concentrations given initial conditions. We model the liquid flow through the brain by the diffusion equation. We then use the Optimal Mass Transfer (OMT) approach to derive the glymphatic flow vector field, and estimate the diffusion tensors by analyzing the (changes in the) flow. Simulations show that the resulting model successfully reproduces the dominant features of the experimental data. Keywords: inverse problem, optimal mass transport, diffusion equation, cerebrospinal fluid flow in brain, optical flow, liquid flow modeling, Monge Kantorovich problem, diffusion tensor estimation

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9413, Medical Imaging 2015: Image Processing, 94131J (20 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2076289
Show Author Affiliations
Vadim Ratner, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Liangjia Zhu, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Ivan Kolesov, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Maiken Nedergaard, Rochester Univ. (United States)
Helene Benveniste, Stony Brook Univ. Hospital (United States)
Allen Tannenbaum, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9413:
Medical Imaging 2015: Image Processing
Sébastien Ourselin; Martin A. Styner, Editor(s)

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