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Proceedings Paper

Preliminary design of land displacement-optical fiber sensor and analysis of observation during laboratory and field test
Author(s): Dwi Bayuwati; Tomi Budi Waluyo; Bambang Widiyatmoko
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Paper Abstract

An optical fiber optic sensor for detecting land displacement is discussed in this paper. The sensor system consists of a laser at wavelength 1.3 um, optical fiber coupler, optical fiber as sensor and light transmitting media, PIN photodiodedetector system, data logger and personal computer. Sensor was made from a curved optical fiber with diameter 35 mm, which will be changed into a heart-shape fiber if it is pulled. The heart-shape fiber sensor is the modification of the earlier displacement fiber sensor model which was in an ellipse form. Light to and from the optical fiber sensor was transmitted into a length of a multi core, single mode optical fiber cable. The scheme of the optical displacement sensor system has been described here. Characterization in the laboratory has been done by applying a series of pulling mechanism, on the heart-shape fiber sensor; which represents the land displacement process. Characterization in the field was carried out by mounting the sensor system on a scaled-down model of a land slope and artificially reproducing the landslide process using a steady-flow of artificial rainfall as the trigger. The voltage sensor output was recorded during the artificial landslide process. The displacement occurence can be indicated from the declining of the sensor signal received by the detector while the reference signal is steady. Characterization in the laboratory resulted in the performance of the optical fiber land displacement, namely, sensitivity 0.027(mV/mV)/mm, resolution 0.37 mm and measurement range 30 mm; compared with earlier optical fiber sensor performance with similar sensitivity and resolution which works only in 8 mm displacement range. Based on the experiment of landslides simulation in the field, we can define a critical condition in the real situation before landslides occurence to take any measures to prevent more casualties and losses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9444, International Seminar on Photonics, Optics, and Its Applications (ISPhOA 2014), 94440Z (9 January 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2074991
Show Author Affiliations
Dwi Bayuwati, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Indonesia)
Tomi Budi Waluyo, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Indonesia)
Bambang Widiyatmoko, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Indonesia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9444:
International Seminar on Photonics, Optics, and Its Applications (ISPhOA 2014)
Aulia Nasution, Editor(s)

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