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Proceedings Paper

Optically active silica and polymeric materials for microcavity lasers and sensors
Author(s): A. M Armani; N. Deka; S. Mehrabani; C. Shi; A. Maker; M. Lee; A. Kovach; E. Gungor; Kelvin Kuo; V. Diep
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Paper Abstract

Silica and silica-doped high quality factor (Q) optical resonators have demonstrated ultra-low threshold lasers based on numerous mechanisms (eg rare earth dopants, Raman). To date, the key focus has been on maintaining a high Q, as that determines the lasing threshold and linewidth. However, equally important criteria are lasing efficiency and wavelength. These parameters are governed by the material, not the cavity Q. Therefore, to fully address this challenge, it is necessary to develop new materials. We have synthesized a suite of silica and polymeric materials with nanoparticle and rare-earth dopants to enable the development of microcavity lasers with emission from the near-IR to the UV. Additionally, the efficiencies and thresholds of many of these devices surpass the previous work. Specifically, the silica sol-gel lasers are co- and tri-doped with metal nanoparticles (eg Ti, Al) and rare-earth materials (eg Yb, Nb, Tm) and are fabricated using conventional micro/nanofabrication methods. The intercalation of the metal in the silica matrix reduces the clustering of the rare-earth ions and reduces the phonon energy of the glass, improving efficiency and overall device performance. Additionally, the silica Raman gain coefficient is enhanced due to the inclusion of the metal nanoparticles, which results in a lower threshold and a higher efficiency silica Raman laser. Finally, we have synthesized several polymer films doped with metal (eg Au, Ag) nanoparticles and deposited them on the surface of our microcavity devices. By pumping on the plasmonic resonant wavelength of the particle, we are able to achieve plasmonic-enhanced upconversion lasing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9343, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XVII, 93430M (3 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2074591
Show Author Affiliations
A. M Armani, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
N. Deka, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
S. Mehrabani, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
C. Shi, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
A. Maker, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
M. Lee, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
A. Kovach, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
E. Gungor, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Kelvin Kuo, The Univ. of Southern California (United States)
V. Diep, Univ. of Southern California (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9343:
Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XVII
Alexis V. Kudryashov; Alan H. Paxton; Vladimir S. Ilchenko; Lutz Aschke; Kunihiko Washio, Editor(s)

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