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Proceedings Paper

Mission design for NISAR repeat-pass Interferometric SAR
Author(s): Oscar Alvarez-Salazar; Sara Hatch; Jennifer Rocca; Paul Rosen; Scott Shaffer; Yuhsyen Shen; Theodore Sweetser; Peter Xaypraseuth
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Paper Abstract

The proposed spaceborne NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) mission would use the repeat-pass interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) technique to measure the changing shape of Earth’s surface at the centimeter scale in support of investigations in solid Earth and cryospheric sciences. Repeat-pass InSAR relies on multiple SAR observations acquired from nearly identical positions of the spacecraft as seen from the ground. Consequently, there are tight constraints on the repeatability of the orbit, and given the narrow field of view of the radar antenna beam, on the repeatability of the beam pointing. The quality and accuracy of the InSAR data depend on highly precise control of both orbital position and observatory pointing throughout the science observation life of the mission. This paper describes preliminary NISAR requirements and rationale for orbit repeatability and attitude control in order to meet science requirements. A preliminary error budget allocation and an implementation approach to meet these allocations are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 November 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 92410C (11 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2074162
Show Author Affiliations
Oscar Alvarez-Salazar, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Sara Hatch, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Jennifer Rocca, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Paul Rosen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Scott Shaffer, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Yuhsyen Shen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Theodore Sweetser, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Peter Xaypraseuth, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9241:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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