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Proceedings Paper

Investigation on a fiber optic accelerometer based on FBG-FP interferometer
Author(s): Chongyu Lin; Hong Luo; Shuidong Xiong; Haitao Li
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Paper Abstract

A fiber optic accelerometer based on fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot (FBG-FP) interferometer is presented. The sensor is a FBG-FP cavity which is formed with two weak fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in a single-mode fiber. The reflectivity of the two FBGs is 9.42% and 7.74% respectively, and the fiber between them is 10 meters long. An optical demodulation system was set up to analyze the reflected light of FBG-FP cavity. Acceleration signals of different frequencies and intensities were demodulated correctly and stably by the system. Based on analyzing the optical spectrum of weak FBG based FBG-FP cavity, we got the equivalent length of FBG-FP cavity. We used a path-matching Michelson interferometer (MI) to demodulate the acceleration signal. The visibility of the interference fringe we got was 41%~42% while the theory limit was 50%. This indicated that the difference of interferometer’s two arms and the equivalent length of FBG-FP cavity were matched well. Phase generated carrier (PGC) technology was used to eliminate phase fading caused by random phase shift and Faraday rotation mirrors (FRMs) were used to eliminate polarization-induced phase fading. The accelerometer used a compliant cylinder design and its’ sensitivity and frequency response were analyzed and simulated based on elastic mechanics. Experiment result showed that the accelerometer had a flat frequency response over the frequency range of 31-630Hz. The sensitivity was about 31dB (0dB=1rad/g) with fluctuation less than 1.5dB.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 December 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9297, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Laser and Optical Measurement Technology; and Fiber Optic Sensors, 929735 (3 December 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2073173
Show Author Affiliations
Chongyu Lin, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Hong Luo, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Shuidong Xiong, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Haitao Li, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9297:
International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Laser and Optical Measurement Technology; and Fiber Optic Sensors
Jurgen Czarske; Shulian Zhang; David Sampson; Wei Wang; Yanbiao Liao, Editor(s)

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