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Proceedings Paper

Sun glitter imaging analysis of submarine sand waves in HJ-1A/B satellite CCD images
Author(s): Huaguo Zhang; Xiekai He; Kang Yang; Bin Fu; Weibing Guan
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Paper Abstract

Submarine sand waves are a widespread bed-form in tidal environment. Submarine sand waves induce current convergence and divergence that affect sea surface roughness thus become visible in sun glitter images. These sun glitter images have been employed for mapping sand wave topography. However, there are lots of effect factors in sun glitter imaging of the submarine sand waves, such as the imaging geometry and dynamic environment condition. In this paper, several sun glitter images from HJ-1A/B in the Taiwan Banks are selected. These satellite sun glitter images are used to discuss sun glitter imaging characteristics in different sensor parameters and dynamic environment condition. To interpret the imaging characteristics, calculating the sun glitter radiance and analyzing its spatial characteristics of the sand wave in different images is the best way. In this study, a simulated model based on sun glitter radiation transmission is adopted to certify the imaging analysis in further. Some results are drawn based on the study. Firstly, the sun glitter radiation is mainly determined by sensor view angle. Second, the current is another key factor for the sun glitter. The opposite current direction will cause exchanging of bright stripes and dark stripes. Third, brightness reversal would happen at the critical angle. Therefore, when using sun glitter image to obtain depth inversion, one is advised to take advantage of image properties of sand waves and to pay attention to key dynamic environment condition and brightness reversal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9299, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Optical Remote Sensing Technology and Applications, 92990M (18 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2071743
Show Author Affiliations
Huaguo Zhang, The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA (China)
Xiekai He, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Kang Yang, The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA (China)
Bin Fu, The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA (China)
Weibing Guan, The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9299:
International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Optical Remote Sensing Technology and Applications
Anatoli G. Borovoi; Dong Liu, Editor(s)

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