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Proceedings Paper

Arsenic volatilization of GaAs photocathode at low temperature during thermal cleaning
Author(s): Hui Liu; Feng Shi; Zhuang Miao; Xiang Gao; Hong-chang Cheng; Sen Niu; Long Wang; Chang Chen
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Paper Abstract

The gallium arsenide (GaAs) photocathode was generally cleaned by radiant heating, direct heating, ion bombardment annealing, and so on. In this paper, the radiant heating method, namely thermal cleaning method, was adopted for GaAs photocathode surface purification. Using this method could obtain an atomic clean surface, ensure the integrity of the GaAs surface lattice, and guarantee the uniformity of surface cleaning effect at the same time. But because the accurate measurement of the GaAs photocathode surface temperature in the vacuum system was very difficult, the residual gas analyzer (RGA) was used in this experiment to monitor the residual gas composition in ultrahigh vacuum during the thermal cleaning process and determine the thermal cleaning temperature by the partial pressure curves of As and Ga. It was found that the first peaks of As and Ga elements both appeared after heating about one hour, accompanied with H2O, N2/CO, CO2 and other common gas. According to partial pressure curves of H2O, N2/CO, CO2 and the heating time, it could be judged that the temperature at that time was not high, which should be under 150°C.After thermal cleaning experiment of three GaAs photocathodes, it was found that the peak value of As partial pressure at low temperature was generally within 10-11mbar~10-10mbar, and the peak value was at 10-10mbar at high temperature. Sometimes it was appeared that the peak value of As partial pressure at low temperature was even higher than the peak value at high temperature. The As volatilization phenomenon occurred at low temperature indicated that the elemental As exist on the GaAs photocathode surface or near surface after the chemical etching process, and the As could volatilize from GaAs photocathode at low temperature in the beginning of thermal cleaning. This research has guiding significance for further understanding the thermal cleaning mechanism of GaAs photocathode and improving the thermal cleaning technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 2014
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9284, 7th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optoelectronics Materials and Devices for Sensing and Imaging, 92840Z (2 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2069718
Show Author Affiliations
Hui Liu, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Feng Shi, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Zhuang Miao, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Xiang Gao, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Hong-chang Cheng, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Sen Niu, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Long Wang, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Chang Chen, Science and Technology on Low-Light-Level Night Vision Lab. (China)
North Night Vision Technology Group Co., Ltd. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9284:
7th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optoelectronics Materials and Devices for Sensing and Imaging
Yadong Jiang; Junsheng Yu; Bernard Kippelen, Editor(s)

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