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Proceedings Paper

Location of lightning stroke on OPGW by use of distributed optical fiber sensor
Author(s): Lidong Lu; Yun Liang; Binglin Li; Jinghong Guo; Hao Zhang; Xuping Zhang
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Paper Abstract

A new method based on a distributed optical fiber sensor (DOFS) to locate the position of lightning stroke on the optical fiber ground wire (OPGW) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. In the method, the lightning stroke process is considered to be a heat release process at the lightning stroke position, so Brillouin optical time domain reflectometry (BOTDR) with spatial resolution of 2m is used as the distributed temperature sensor. To simulate the lightning stroke process, an electric anode with high pulsed current and a negative electrode (the OPGW) are adopted to form a lightning impulse system with duration time of 200ms. In the experiment, lightning strokes with the quantity of electric discharge of 100 Coul and 200 Coul are generated respectively, and the DOFS can sensitively capture the temperature change of the lightning stroke position in the transient electric discharging process. Experimental results show that DOFS is a feasible instrument to locate the lightning stroke on the OPGW and it has excellent potential for the maintenance of electric power transmission line. Additionally, as the range of lightning stroke is usually within 10cm and the spatial resolution of a typical DOFS is beyond 1m, the temperature characteristics in a small area cannot be accurately represented by a DOFS with a large spatial resolution. Therefore, for further application of distributed optical fiber temperature sensors for lightning stroke location on OPGW, such as BOTDR and ROTDR, it is important to enhance the spatial resolution.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 December 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9297, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Laser and Optical Measurement Technology; and Fiber Optic Sensors, 92972I (3 December 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2069005
Show Author Affiliations
Lidong Lu, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Yun Liang, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Binglin Li, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Jinghong Guo, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Hao Zhang, China Electric Power Research Institute (China)
Xuping Zhang, Nanjing Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9297:
International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Laser and Optical Measurement Technology; and Fiber Optic Sensors
Jurgen Czarske; Shulian Zhang; David Sampson; Wei Wang; Yanbiao Liao, Editor(s)

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