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Proceedings Paper

Study on mechanism and process of ion beam machining on high-precision large optical surfaces
Author(s): Xiao Liang; Yongqiang Gu; Xiang Wang; Zhanlong Ma; Yongxin Sui; Jinjin Zheng
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Paper Abstract

Ion beam machining has become an important means adopted to high-precision large optical mirror processing. This study has conducted a bitmap-style model, calculation and analysis on low-energy Ar+ ion beam sputtering optical surface, based on Sigmund Theory and the CCOS principle. We have obtained the relationship of the removal function and the removal rate with major technological parameters of ion beam machining (e.g. dwell time, work distance, ion energy, etc.) also via orthogonal experiments of single point removal. Results indicated that the removal rate of amorphous SiO2 (fused silica) by Ar+ ions with 600~1200 electron volts increases with the increase of ion energy and dwell time at different extents, decreases exponentially with the increase in work distance. On the basis of computational analysis and experimental investigations, we optimized process conditions and further figured the plane mirror with the clear aperture of 130 millimeters, utilizing technologically optimized low-energy Ar+ ion beam machining. Eventually we obtained the high-precision figure shape with the post-machined surface roughness of 0.43~0.44 nm rms and the post-machined figure error of 1 nm rms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 August 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9281, 7th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies, 92810V (6 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2068514
Show Author Affiliations
Xiao Liang, Univ. of Science and Technology of China (China)
Yongqiang Gu, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)
Xiang Wang, Univ. of Science and Technology of China (China)
Zhanlong Ma, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)
Yongxin Sui, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)
Jinjin Zheng, Univ. of Science and Technology of China (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9281:
7th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies
Li Yang; Eric Ruch; Shengyi Li, Editor(s)

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