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Proceedings Paper

Estimate the soil moisture over semi-arid region of Loess Plateau using Radarsat-2 SAR data
Author(s): D. Hu; N. Guo; L. J. Wang; S. Sha
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Paper Abstract

Radarsat-2 Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) remote sensing data were used to record soil surface moisture and evaluate the utility of a cross polarization (VV/VH) combination. Studies were conducted at Dingxi, in the semi-arid region of the Loess Plateau, China. We combined these data with MODIS optical data, used a Water-Cloud model to correct for the influence of vegetation, and then estimated the soil moisture under crop cover. For bare surfaces, the value of the cross polarization combination model was highly correlated to the measurement of soil moisture at 10~20 cm depth (R=0.75, P<0.01). The correlations between estimated values and the measured soil moisture at 0~10 cm and 20~30 cm depths were lower but still significant (R=0.47 and R=0.52, respectively, P<0.05). For soil surfaces covered with vegetation the model significantly underestimated soil moisture. After vegetation removal, the correlation coefficient increased from 0.30 to 0.70, the standard deviation decreased from 4.99 to 3.05, and the accuracy of the soil moisture model improved. Most soil moisture readings in the study area were 10~30% and these were consistent with the actual field moisture levels. Improving the accuracy of soil moisture readings in agricultural fields using optical and microwave remote sensing data will promote increased use of this technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9260, Land Surface Remote Sensing II, 92602N (8 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2068501
Show Author Affiliations
D. Hu, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology (China)
N. Guo, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology (China)
L. J. Wang, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology (China)
S. Sha, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9260:
Land Surface Remote Sensing II
Thomas J. Jackson; Jing Ming Chen; Peng Gong; Shunlin Liang, Editor(s)

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