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Proceedings Paper

Meteosat third generation imager: simulation of the flexible combined imager instrument chain
Author(s): Dieter Just; Rebeca Gutiérrez; Fausto Roveda; Theo Steenbergen
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Paper Abstract

The Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) Programme is the next generation of European geostationary meteorological systems. The first MTG satellite, MTG-I1, which is scheduled for launch at the end of 2018, will host two imaging instruments: the Flexible Combined Imager (FCI) and the Lightning Imager. The FCI will provide continuation of the SEVIRI imager operations on the current Meteosat Second Generation satellites (MSG), but with an improved spatial, temporal and spectral resolution, not dissimilar to GOES-R (of NASA/NOAA). Unlike SEVIRI on the spinning MSG spacecraft, the FCI will be mounted on a 3-axis stabilised platform and a 2-axis tapered scan will provide a full coverage of the Earth in 10 minute repeat cycles. Alternatively, a rapid scanning mode can cover smaller areas, but with a better temporal resolution of up to 2.5 minutes. In order to assess some of the data acquisition and processing aspects which will apply to the FCI, a simplified end-to-end imaging chain prototype was set up. The simulation prototype consists of four different functional blocks: - A function for the generation of FCI-like references images - An image acquisition simulation function for the FCI Line-of-Sight calculation and swath generation - A processing function that reverses the swath generation process by rectifying the swath data - An evaluation function for assessing the quality of the processed data with respect to the reference images This paper presents an overview of the FCI instrument chain prototype, covering instrument characteristics, reference image generation, image acquisition simulation, and processing aspects. In particular, it provides in detail the description of the generation of references images, highlighting innovative features, but also limitations. This is followed by a description of the image acquisition simulation process, and the rectification and evaluation function. The latter two are described in more detail in a separate paper. Finally, results from the prototype imaging chain are shown, including generated datasets, evaluation of results and conclusions derived from the first tests. An outline of planned extensions to the prototype and its role in the MTG Ground Segment development conclude the presentation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 October 2014
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 92410E (7 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2066872
Show Author Affiliations
Dieter Just, EUMETSAT (Germany)
Rebeca Gutiérrez, EUMETSAT (Germany)
Fausto Roveda, EUMETSAT (Germany)
Theo Steenbergen, EUMETSAT (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9241:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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