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Proceedings Paper

Applications of optical fibers and miniature photonic elements in medical diagnostics
Author(s): Urszula Blaszczak; Marian Gilewski; Lukasz Gryko; Andrzej Zajac; Andrzej Kukwa; Wojciech Kukwa
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Paper Abstract

Construction of endoscopes which are known for decades, in particular in small devices with the diameter of few millimetres, are based on the application of fibre optic imaging bundles or bundles of fibers in the illumination systems (usually with a halogen source). Cameras - CCD and CMOS – with the sensor size of less than 5 mm emerging commercially and high power LED solutions allow to design and construct modern endoscopes characterized by many innovative properties. These constructions offer higher resolution. They are also relatively cheaper especially in the context of the integration of the majority of the functions on a single chip. Mentioned features of the CMOS sensors reduce the cycle of introducing the newly developed instruments to the market. The paper includes a description of the concept of the endoscope with a miniature camera built on the basis of CMOS detector manufactured by Omni Vision. The set of LEDs located at the operator side works as the illuminating system. Fibre optic system and the lens of the camera are used in shaping the beam illuminating the observed tissue. Furthermore, to broaden the range of applications of the endoscope, the illuminator allows to control the spectral characteristics of emitted light. The paper presents the analysis of the basic parameters of the light-and-optical system of the endoscope. The possibility of adjusting the magnifications of the lens, the field of view of the camera and its spatial resolution is discussed. Special attention was drawn to the issues related to the selection of the light sources used for the illumination in terms of energy efficiency and the possibility of providing adjusting the colour of the emitted light in order to improve the quality of the image obtained by the camera.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2014
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9228, Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2014, 92280J (12 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2065134
Show Author Affiliations
Urszula Blaszczak, Białystok Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Marian Gilewski, Białystok Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Lukasz Gryko, Białystok Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Andrzej Zajac, Białystok Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Andrzej Kukwa, Univ. of Varmia and Masuria (Poland)
Wojciech Kukwa, Medical Univ. of Warsaw (Poland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9228:
Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2014
Jan Dorosz; Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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