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Proceedings Paper

A HTS dc SQUID-NMR: fabrication of the SQUID and application to low-field NMR for fruit quality detection
Author(s): J. Frédéric Isingizwe Nturambirwe; Willem J. Perold; Linus U. Opara
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Paper Abstract

Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs) have made the detection of low-field (LF) and ultra-low field nuclear magnetic resonance (ULF-NMR) a reality. The latter has been proven to be a potential tool for non-destructive quality testing of horticultural products, amongst many other applications. High-Temperature Superconductor (HTS) dc SQUIDS are likely to allow for the development of not only low-cost NMR systems but also prototypes that are mobile and easily maintainable. A HTS dc SQUID was manufactured on an YBCO thin film, using a novel laser based lithography method. The lithography was implemented by a new laser system developed in-house, as a model of low-cost lithography systems. The junctions of the dc SQUID were tested and displayed normal I-V characteristics in the acceptable range for the application. In order to determine the viability of low-field NMR for non-destructive quality measurement of horticultural products, a commercial HTS dc SQUID-NMR system was used to measure quality parameters of banana during ripening. The trend of color change and sugar increase of the banana during ripening were the most highly correlated attributes to the SQUID-NMR measured parameter, average T1 (spin-lattice relaxation time). Further studies were done, that involved processing of the NMR signal into relaxation time resolved spectra. A spectral signature of banana was obtained, where each peak is a T1 value corresponding to a proton pool, and is reported here. These results will potentially lead to deeper understanding of the quality of the samples under study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 June 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9257, Sensors, MEMS and Electro-Optical Systems, 92570G (23 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2064968
Show Author Affiliations
J. Frédéric Isingizwe Nturambirwe, Stellenbosch Univ. (South Africa)
Willem J. Perold, Stellenbosch Univ. (South Africa)
Linus U. Opara, Stellenbosch Univ. (South Africa)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9257:
Sensors, MEMS and Electro-Optical Systems
Monuko du Plessis, Editor(s)

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