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Proceedings Paper

Optical and piezoelectric properties of p-type ZnO nanowires on transparent flexible substrate for energy harvesting
Author(s): Guocheng Liu; Man Chun Tam; Lilei Hu; Karim EI-Rayes; Qiuquan Guo; Jun Yang; Nezih Mrad; Dayan Ban
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Paper Abstract

High quality, controlled-structure nanowires (NWs), grown on a transparent flexible substrate, have attracted great interest as a mean of harvesting solar and mechanical energy. Clarifying their optical and piezoelectric properties is essential for this application. In this paper, vertically aligned lithium (Li) doped p-type ZnO NWs were grown, on a micro-patterned transparent flexible polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrate, by electrochemical deposition at 88 °C. The substrate was coated with aluminum-doped ZnO (AZO) thin layer, which served as a good seed layer and a transparent conductive oxide layer. Varying the seed layer thickness gave control of the individual NWs’ diameter, density and alignment. The effect of doping on the optical band-gap, crystalline quality and Schottky barrier were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy and piezoelectric characterization. The piezoelectric polarization induced piezo-potential in strained ZnO NWs can drive the flow of electrons without an applied electric bias, thus can be used to harvest mechanical energy and convert it into electricity. To prove this concept, flexible piezoelectric energy harvesters based on an array of ZnO NWs were fabricated. Results show that the patterned p-type NW-based energy harvester produces 26-fold output voltage and 19-fold current compared to the conventional un-doped ZnO NW energy harvester from the same acceleration input.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9202, Photonics Applications for Aviation, Aerospace, Commercial, and Harsh Environments V, 92020H (5 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061237
Show Author Affiliations
Guocheng Liu, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Man Chun Tam, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Lilei Hu, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Karim EI-Rayes, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Qiuquan Guo, The Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Jun Yang, The Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Nezih Mrad, Defence Research and Development Canada (Canada)
Dayan Ban, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9202:
Photonics Applications for Aviation, Aerospace, Commercial, and Harsh Environments V
Alex A. Kazemi; Bernard C. Kress; Edgar A. Mendoza, Editor(s)

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