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Proceedings Paper

Assessment of metal halide lamp for the illumination of LCD-based projection display
Author(s): K. C. Wang; C. H. Huang; How-More Chen; Cyril C.K. Chiang
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Paper Abstract

Apparatus consists of a short-arc metal halide lamp and a dichroic mirror in parabolic-like shape has been widely employed in portable projection TV (PTV) as the light source to illuminate liquid crystal display (LCD) panels. Advantages include high luminous efficacy, near-daylight color temperature, and superior color rendering index. At MRL or ITRI we have successfully developed such light sources of 150 W input power, using Dy-Nd-Cs iodides in appropriate amount. Nominal efficiency exceeds 73 lm/w with color temperature of 6500 K. Higher efficiency better than 80 lm/w was possible at the cost of color temperature. Continuous lifetime test has been conducted for 3000 hours, compared to effective `ON' history in ON/OFF start-ups longer than 2300 hours. Luminous decay in the ON/OFF test was observed lower than 35%. A 70% reduction of the initial value is estimated around 2000 hours, better than most of the commercial counterparts. Quality of image in display is improved by matching illumination spectrum to the characteristics of flat panel devices. Monochromes after being projected are compared using (u,v) coordinates against NTSC data. Computer simulation was integrated to resolve the brightness distribution on a 3.6-inch (diagonal) LCD panel, with which lamp fixture was precisely determined. Know-hows leading to more favorable PTV systems lie in the combination of lamp spectra and color filters that comprises of the core interests in lamp assessment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 April 1995
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2407, Projection Displays, (7 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.205910
Show Author Affiliations
K. C. Wang, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
C. H. Huang, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
How-More Chen, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
Cyril C.K. Chiang, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2407:
Projection Displays
Ming Hsien Wu, Editor(s)

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