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Proceedings Paper

Woofer-tweeter deformable mirror control for closed-loop adaptive optics: theory and practice
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Paper Abstract

Deformable mirrors with very high order correction generally have smaller dynamic range of motion than what is required to correct seeing over large aperture telescopes. As a result, systems will need to have an architecture that employs two deformable mirrors in series, one for the low-order but large excursion parts of the wavefront and one for the finer and smaller excursion components. The closed-loop control challenge is to a) keep the overall system stable, b) avoid the two mirrors using control energy to cancel each others correction, c) resolve actuator saturations stably, d) assure that on average the mirrors are each correcting their assigned region of spatial frequency space. We present the control architecture and techniques for assuring that it is linear and stable according to the above criteria. We derived the analytic forms for stability and performance and show results from simulations and on-sky testing using the new ShaneAO system on the Lick 3-meter telescope.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9148, Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 91484J (7 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2056937
Show Author Affiliations
Donald Gavel, Univ. of California Observatories (United States)
Andrew Norton, Lockheed Martin Space Systems (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9148:
Adaptive Optics Systems IV
Enrico Marchetti; Laird M. Close; Jean-Pierre Véran, Editor(s)

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