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Proceedings Paper

The Primordial Inflation Polarization Explorer (PIPER)
Author(s): Justin Lazear; Peter A. R. Ade; Dominic Benford; Charles L. Bennett; David T. Chuss; Jessie L. Dotson; Joseph R. Eimer; Dale J. Fixsen; Mark Halpern; Gene Hilton; James Hinderks; Gary F. Hinshaw; Kent Irwin; Christine Jhabvala; Bradley Johnson; Alan Kogut; Luke Lowe; Jeff J. McMahon; Timothy M. Miller; Paul Mirel; S. Harvey Moseley; Samelys Rodriguez; Elmer Sharp; Johannes G. Staguhn; Eric R. Switzer; Carole E. Tucker; Amy Weston; Edward J. Wollack
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Paper Abstract

The Primordial Inflation Polarization Explorer (Piper) is a balloon-borne cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimeter designed to search for evidence of inflation by measuring the large-angular scale CMB polarization signal. Bicep2 recently reported a detection of B-mode power corresponding to the tensor-to-scalar ratio r = 0:2 on 2 degree scales. If the Bicep2 signal is caused by inflationary gravitational waves (IGWs), then there should be a corresponding increase in B-mode power on angular scales larger than 18 degrees. Piper is currently the only suborbital instrument capable of fully testing and extending the Bicep2 results by measuring the B-mode power spectrum on angular scales ϴ =~0:6° to 90°, covering both the reionization bump and recombination peak, with sensitivity to measure the tensor-to-scalar ratio down to r = 0:007, and four frequency bands to distinguish foregrounds. Piper will accomplish this by mapping 85% of the sky in four frequency bands (200, 270, 350, 600 GHz) over a series of 8 conventional balloon flights from the northern and southern hemispheres. The instrument has background-limited sensitivity provided by fully cryogenic (1.5 K) optics focusing the sky signal onto four 32x40-pixel arrays of time-domain multiplexed Transition-Edge Sensor (TES) bolometers held at 140 mK. Polarization sensitivity and systematic control are provided by front-end Variable- delay Polarization Modulators (VPMs), which rapidly modulate only the polarized sky signal at 3 Hz and allow Piper to instantaneously measure the full Stokes vector (I; Q;U; V ) for each pointing. We describe the Piper instrument and progress towards its first flight.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 July 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9153, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII, 91531L (23 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2056806
Show Author Affiliations
Justin Lazear, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Peter A. R. Ade, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
Dominic Benford, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Charles L. Bennett, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
David T. Chuss, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Jessie L. Dotson, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Joseph R. Eimer, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Dale J. Fixsen, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Mark Halpern, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Gene Hilton, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
James Hinderks, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Gary F. Hinshaw, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Kent Irwin, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Christine Jhabvala, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Bradley Johnson, Columbia Univ. (United States)
Alan Kogut, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Luke Lowe, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Wyle STE (United States)
Jeff J. McMahon, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Timothy M. Miller, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Paul Mirel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Wyle STE (United States)
S. Harvey Moseley, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Samelys Rodriguez, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
ADNET Systems, Inc. (United States)
Elmer Sharp, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Johannes G. Staguhn, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Eric R. Switzer, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Carole E. Tucker, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
Amy Weston, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
ADNET Systems, Inc. (United States)
Edward J. Wollack, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9153:
Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII
Wayne S. Holland; Jonas Zmuidzinas, Editor(s)

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