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Proceedings Paper

Thermal design of the hard x-ray imager and the soft gamma-ray detector onboard ASTRO-H
Author(s): Hirofumi Noda; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Kazuo Makishima; Naoko Iwata; Hiroyuki Ogawa; Masayuki Ohta; Goro Sato; Madoka Kawaharada; Shin Watanabe; Motohide Kokubun; Tadayuki Takahashi; Masanori Ohno; Yasushi Fukazawa; Hiroyasu Tajima; Hideki Uchiyama; Shuji Ito; Keita Fukuzawa
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Paper Abstract

The Hard X-ray Imager and the Soft Gamma-ray Detector, onboard the 6th Japanese X-ray satellite ASTRO-H, aim at unprecedentedly-sensitive observations in the 5–80 keV and 40–600 keV bands, respectively. Because their main sensors are composed of a number of semi-conductor devices, which need to be operated in a temperature of –20 to –15◦C, heat generated in the sensors must be efficiently transported outwards by thermal conduction. For this purpose, we performed thermal design, with the following three steps. First, we additionally included thermally-conductive parts, copper poles and graphite sheets. Second, constructing a thermal mathematical model of the sensors, we estimated temperature distributions in thermal equilibria. Since the model had rather large uncertainties in contact thermal conductions, an accurate thermal dummy was constructed as our final step. Vacuum measurement with the dummy successfully reduced the conductance uncertainties. With these steps, we confirmed that our thermal design of the main sensors satisfies the temperature requirement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 July 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9144, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 91445E (24 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055379
Show Author Affiliations
Hirofumi Noda, RIKEN (Japan)
Kazuhiro Nakazawa, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Kazuo Makishima, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Naoko Iwata, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Hiroyuki Ogawa, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Masayuki Ohta, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Goro Sato, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Madoka Kawaharada, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Shin Watanabe, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Motohide Kokubun, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Tadayuki Takahashi, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Masanori Ohno, Hiroshima Univ. (Japan)
Yasushi Fukazawa, Hiroshima Univ. (Japan)
Hiroyasu Tajima, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Hideki Uchiyama, Shizuoka Univ. (Japan)
Shuji Ito, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)
Keita Fukuzawa, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9144:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Tadayuki Takahashi; Jan-Willem A. den Herder; Mark Bautz, Editor(s)

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