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Proceedings Paper

Attitude determination for balloon-borne experiments
Author(s): N. N. Gandilo; P. A. R. Ade; M. Amiri; F. E. Angilè; S. J. Benton; J. J. Bock; J. R. Bond; S. A. Bryan; H. C. Chiang; C. R. Contaldi; B. P. Crill; M. J. Devlin; B. Dober; O. P. Doré; M. Farhang; J. P. Filippini; L. M. Fissel; A. A. Fraisse; Y. Fukui; N. Galitzki; A. E. Gambrel; S. Golwala; J. E. Gudmundsson; M. Halpern; M. Hasselfield; G. C. Hilton; W. A. Holmes; V. V. Hristov; K. D. Irwin; W. C. Jones; Z. D. Kermish; J. Klein; A. L. Korotkov; C. L. Kuo; C. J. MacTavish; P. V. Mason; T. G. Matthews; K. G. Megerian; L. Moncelsi; T. A. Morford; T. K. Mroczkowski; J. M. Nagy; C. B. Netterfield; G. Novak; D. Nutter; R. O'Brient; E. Pascale; F. Poidevin; A. S. Rahlin; C. D. Reintsema; J. E. Ruhl; M. C. Runyan; G. Savini; D. Scott; J. A. Shariff; J. D. Soler; N. E. Thomas; A. Trangsrud; M. D. Truch; C. E. Tucker; G. S. Tucker; R. S. Tucker; A. D. Turner; D. Ward-Thompson; A. C. Weber; D. V. Wiebe; E. Y. Young
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Paper Abstract

An attitude determination system for balloon-borne experiments is presented. The system provides pointing information in azimuth and elevation for instruments flying on stratospheric balloons over Antarctica. In-flight attitude is given by the real-time combination of readings from star cameras, a magnetometer, sun sensors, GPS, gyroscopes, tilt sensors and an elevation encoder. Post-flight attitude reconstruction is determined from star camera solutions, interpolated by the gyroscopes using an extended Kalman Filter. The multi-sensor system was employed by the Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for Polarimetry (BLASTPol), an experiment that measures polarized thermal emission from interstellar dust clouds. A similar system was designed for the upcoming flight of Spider, a Cosmic Microwave Background polarization experiment. The pointing requirements for these experiments are discussed, as well as the challenges in designing attitude reconstruction systems for high altitude balloon flights. In the 2010 and 2012 BLASTPol flights from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, the system demonstrated an accuracy of < 5’ rms in-flight, and < 5” rms post-flight.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 July 2014
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 9145, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes V, 91452U (22 July 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055156
Show Author Affiliations
N. N. Gandilo, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
P. A. R. Ade, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
M. Amiri, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
F. E. Angilè, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
S. J. Benton, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
J. J. Bock, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
J. R. Bond, Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (Canada)
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (Canada)
S. A. Bryan, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
H. C. Chiang, Univ. of Kwazulu-Natal (South Africa)
C. R. Contaldi, Imperial College London (United Kingdom)
B. P. Crill, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
M. J. Devlin, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
B. Dober, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
O. P. Doré, California Institute of Technology (United States)
M. Farhang, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (Canada)
J. P. Filippini, California Institute of Technology (United States)
L. M. Fissel, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Northwestern Univ. (United States)
A. A. Fraisse, Princeton Univ. (United States)
Y. Fukui, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
N. Galitzki, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
A. E. Gambrel, Princeton Univ. (United States)
S. Golwala, California Institute of Technology (United States)
J. E. Gudmundsson, Princeton Univ. (United States)
M. Halpern, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (Canada)
M. Hasselfield, Princeton Univ. (United States)
G. C. Hilton, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
W. A. Holmes, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
V. V. Hristov, California Institute of Technology (United States)
K. D. Irwin, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Stanford Univ. (United States)
W. C. Jones, Princeton Univ. (United States)
Z. D. Kermish, Princeton Univ. (United States)
J. Klein, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
A. L. Korotkov, Brown Univ. (United States)
C. L. Kuo, Stanford Univ. (United States)
C. J. MacTavish, Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
P. V. Mason, California Institute of Technology (United States)
T. G. Matthews, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
K. G. Megerian, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
L. Moncelsi, California Institute of Technology (United States)
T. A. Morford, California Institute of Technology (United States)
T. K. Mroczkowski, California Institute of Technology (United States)
J. M. Nagy, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
C. B. Netterfield, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (Canada)
G. Novak, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
D. Nutter, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
R. O'Brient, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
E. Pascale, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
F. Poidevin, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (Spain)
Univ. de La Laguna (Spain)
A. S. Rahlin, Princeton Univ. (United States)
C. D. Reintsema, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
J. E. Ruhl, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
M. C. Runyan, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
G. Savini, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
D. Scott, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
J. A. Shariff, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
J. D. Soler, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
N. E. Thomas, Univ. of Miami (United States)
A. Trangsrud, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
M. D. Truch, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
C. E. Tucker, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
G. S. Tucker, Brown Univ. (United States)
R. S. Tucker, California Institute of Technology (United States)
A. D. Turner, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
D. Ward-Thompson, Univ. of Central Lancashire (United Kingdom)
A. C. Weber, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
D. V. Wiebe, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
E. Y. Young, Princeton Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9145:
Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes V
Larry M. Stepp; Roberto Gilmozzi; Helen J. Hall, Editor(s)

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