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Proceedings Paper

Heterogeneous compute in computer vision: OpenCL in OpenCV
Author(s): Harris Gasparakis
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Paper Abstract

We explore the relevance of Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) in Computer Vision, both as a long term vision, and as a near term emerging reality via the recently ratified OpenCL 2.0 Khronos standard. After a brief review of OpenCL 1.2 and 2.0, including HSA features such as Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) and platform atomics, we identify what genres of Computer Vision workloads stand to benefit by leveraging those features, and we suggest a new mental framework that replaces GPU compute with hybrid HSA APU compute. As a case in point, we discuss, in some detail, popular object recognition algorithms (part-based models), emphasizing the interplay and concurrent collaboration between the GPU and CPU. We conclude by describing how OpenCL has been incorporated in OpenCV, a popular open source computer vision library, emphasizing recent work on the Transparent API, to appear in OpenCV 3.0, which unifies the native CPU and OpenCL execution paths under a single API, allowing the same code to execute either on CPU or on a OpenCL enabled device, without even recompiling.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9029, Visual Information Processing and Communication V, 90290L (17 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054961
Show Author Affiliations
Harris Gasparakis, Advanced Micro Devices (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9029:
Visual Information Processing and Communication V
Amir Said; Onur G. Guleryuz; Robert L. Stevenson, Editor(s)

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