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Proceedings Paper

Reconstruction techniques for sparse multistatic linear array microwave imaging
Author(s): David M. Sheen; Thomas E. Hall
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Paper Abstract

Sequentially-switched linear arrays are an enabling technology for a number of near-field microwave imaging applications. Electronically sequencing along the array axis followed by mechanical scanning along an orthogonal axis allows dense sampling of a two-dimensional aperture in near real-time. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed this technology for several applications including concealed weapon detection, groundpenetrating radar, and non-destructive inspection and evaluation. These techniques form three-dimensional images by scanning a diverging beam swept frequency transceiver over a two-dimensional aperture and mathematically focusing or reconstructing the data into three-dimensional images. Recently, a sparse multi-static array technology has been developed that reduces the number of antennas required to densely sample the linear array axis of the spatial aperture. This allows a significant reduction in cost and complexity of the linear-array-based imaging system. The sparse array has been specifically designed to be compatible with Fourier-Transform-based image reconstruction techniques; however, there are limitations to the use of these techniques, especially for extreme near-field operation. In the extreme near-field of the array, back-projection techniques have been developed that account for the exact location of each transmitter and receiver in the linear array and the 3-D image location. In this paper, the sparse array technique will be described along with associated Fourier-Transform-based and back-projection-based image reconstruction algorithms. Simulated imaging results are presented that show the effectiveness of the sparse array technique along with the merits and weaknesses of each image reconstruction approach.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 June 2014
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9078, Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XVII, 90780I (9 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053814
Show Author Affiliations
David M. Sheen, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Thomas E. Hall, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9078:
Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XVII
David A. Wikner; Arttu R. Luukanen, Editor(s)

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