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Proceedings Paper

Observations of ocean diurnal variations from the Korean geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI)
Author(s): Menghua Wang; SeungHyun Son; Lide Jiang; Wei Shi
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Paper Abstract

The first geostationary ocean color satellite sensor, Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) onboard the Korean Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite (COMS), which was launched in June of 2010 and has eight spectral bands from the blue to the near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths in 412–865 nm, can monitor and measure ocean phenomenon over a local area of the western Pacific region centered at 36°N and 130°E and covering ~2500 × 2500 km2. Hourly measurements during daytime (i.e., eight images per day from local 9:00 to 16:00) are a unique capability of GOCI to be used for the short- and long-term regional ocean environmental monitoring.

A recent study from a collaboration between NOAA Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) and Korean Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST) showed that the GOCI ocean color products such as normalized water-leaving radiance spectra, nLw(λ), for GOCI coverage region derived using an iterative NIR-corrected atmospheric correction algorithm (Wang et al., Opt. Express, vol. 20, 741–753, 2012) were significantly improved compared with the original GOCI data products and have a comparable data quality as from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua in this region (Wang et al., Opt. Express, vol. 21, 3835–3849, 2013). It is also shown that the GOCI-derived ocean color data can be used to effectively monitor ocean phenomenon in the region such as tide-induced re-suspension of sediments, diurnal variations of ocean optical and biogeochemical properties, and horizontal advection of river discharge.

In this paper, we show some more recent results of GOCI-measured ocean diurnal variations in various coastal regions of the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea. With possibly eight-time measurements daily, GOCI provides a unique capability to monitor the ocean environments in near real-time, and GOCI data can be used to address the diurnal variability in the ecosystem of the GOCI coverage region. In addition, more in situ data measured around the Korean coastal regions are used to validate the GOCI ocean color data quality, including evaluation of ocean diurnal variations in the region. The GOCI results demonstrate that GOCI can effectively provide real-time monitoring of water optical, biological, and biogeochemical variability of the ocean ecosystem in the region.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9111, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI, 911102 (23 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053476
Show Author Affiliations
Menghua Wang, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
SeungHyun Son, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
Colorado State Univ. (United States)
Lide Jiang, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
Colorado State Univ. (United States)
Wei Shi, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
Colorado State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9111:
Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI
Weilin W. Hou; Robert A. Arnone, Editor(s)

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