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Evaluation of thiazole intercalating dyes as acceptors for quantum dot donors in Förster resonance energy transfer
Author(s): Melissa Massey; W. Russ Algar
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescent probes suitable for the selective detection of DNA sequences are important in genomic research, disease diagnostics, and pathogen detection, among many other applications. The unique optical properties of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have proven to be highly valuable for development of fluorescent probes and biosensors. We describe preliminary work toward combining QDs with monomeric thiazole dyes for the detection of nucleic acid hybridization. BO, TO, BO3, and TO3 dyes, which span the visible spectrum, were synthesized with undecanoic acid linkers to permit bioconjugation and their fluorescent enhancements in response to DNA oligonucleotides was evaluated. Contrast ratios between single-stranded probe oligonucleotide and double-stranded probe/target hybrids were between 2.5 and 7.5. BO3 and TO3 were used to label a polyhistidine-appended peptide that self-assembled to QDs and were found to be suitable acceptor dyes for Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) with QD donors that had their peak emission at 540 nm and 625 nm, respectively. We further conjugated a probe oligonucleotide to a polyhistidineappended peptide at an internal site, and this probe also self-assembled to QDs. Mixing these conjugates with BO3 and either complementary DNA target or non-complementary DNA could induce quenching of the QD emission via FRET, but no FRET-sensitized BO3 emission was observed. Experiments suggested that binding of BO3 to the interface of the QDs was in competition with binding to DNA. Our results provide insight into important criteria (e.g., QD surface chemistry) for designing and optimizing a QD-FRET probe for DNA detection that utilizes the fluorescent properties of monomeric thiazole intercalating dyes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9107, Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XI, 91070W (22 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053165
Show Author Affiliations
Melissa Massey, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
W. Russ Algar, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9107:
Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XI
Brian M. Cullum; Eric S. McLamore, Editor(s)

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