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Proceedings Paper

SST algorithms in ACSPO reanalysis of AVHRR GAC data from 2002-2013
Author(s): B. Petrenko; A. Ignatov; Y. Kihai; X. Zhou; J. Stroup
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Paper Abstract

In response to a request from the NOAA Coral Reef Watch Program, NOAA SST Team initiated reprocessing of 4 km resolution GAC data from AVHRRs flown onboard NOAA and MetOp satellites. The objective is to create a longterm Level 2 Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Oceans (ACSPO) SST product, consistent with NOAA operations. ACSPO-Reanalysis (RAN) is used as input in the NOAA geo-polar blended Level 4 SST and potentially other Level 4 SST products. In the first stage of reprocessing (reanalysis 1, or RAN1), data from NOAA-15, -16, -17, -18, -19, and Metop-A and -B, from 2002-present have been processed with ACSPO v2.20, and matched up with quality controlled in situ data from in situ Quality Monitor (iQuam) version 1. The ~12 years time series of matchups were used to develop and explore the SST retrieval algorithms, with emphasis on minimizing spatial biases in retrieved SSTs, close reproduction of the magnitudes of true SST variations, and maximizing temporal, spatial and inter-platform stability of retrieval metrics. Two types of SST algorithms were considered: conventional SST regressions, and recently developed incremental regressions. The conventional equations were adopted in the EUMETSAT OSI-SAF formulation, which, according to our previous analyses, provide relatively small regional biases and well-balanced combination of precision and sensitivity, in its class. Incremental regression equations were specifically elaborated to automatically correct for model minus observation biases, always present when RTM simulations are employed. Improved temporal stability was achieved by recalculation of SST coefficients from matchups on a daily basis, with a ±45 day window around the current date. This presentation describes the candidate SST algorithms considered for the next round of ACSPO reanalysis, RAN2.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2014
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9111, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI, 91110E (23 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2053008
Show Author Affiliations
B. Petrenko, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
GST, Inc. (United States)
A. Ignatov, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
Y. Kihai, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
GST, Inc. (United States)
X. Zhou, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
Colorado State Univ. (United States)
J. Stroup, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR (United States)
STG, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9111:
Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI
Weilin W. Hou; Robert A. Arnone, Editor(s)

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