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In vivo quantification of motion in liver parenchyma and its application in shistosomiasis tissue characterization
Author(s): Ahmed M. Badawi; Ahmed M. Hashem; Abou-Bakr M. Youssef; Mohamed F. Abdel-Wahab
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Paper Abstract

Schistosomiasis is a major problem in Egypt, despite an active control program it is estimated to exist in about 1/3 of the population. Deposition of less functioning fibrous tissues in the liver is the major contributory factor to the hepatic pathology. Fibrous tissues consist of a complex array of connective matrix material and a variety of collagen isotopes. As a result of an increased stromal density (collagen content), the parenchyma became more ectogenic and less elastic (hard). In this study we investigated the effect of cardiac mechanical impulses from the heart and aorta on the kinetics of the liver parenchyma. Under conditions of controlled patient movements and suspended respiration, a 30 frame per second of 588 X 512 ultrasound images (cineloop, 32 pels per cm) are captured from an aTL ultrasound machine then digitized. The image acquisition is triggered by the R wave of the ECG of the patient. The motion that has a forced oscillation form in the liver parenchyma is quantified by tracking of small box (20 - 30 pels) in 16 directions for all the successive 30 frames. The tracking was done using block matching techniques (the max correlation between boxes in time, frequency domains, and the minimum SAD (sum absolute difference) between boxes). The motion is quantified for many regions at different positions within the liver parenchyma for 80 cases of variable degrees of schisto., cirrhotic livers, and for normal livers. The velocity of the tissue is calculated from the displacement (quantified motion), time between frames, and the scan time for the ultrasound scanner. We found that the motion in liver parenchyma is small in the order of very few millimeters, and the attenuation of the mechanical wave for one ECG cycle is higher in the schisto. and cirrhotic livers than in the normal ones. Finally quantification of motion in liver parenchyma due to cardiac impulses under controlled limb movement and respiration may be of value in the characterization of schisto. (elasticity based not scattering based). This value could be used together with the wide varieties of quantitative tissue characterization parameters for pathology differentiation and for differentiating subclasses of cirrhosis as well as the determination of the extent of bilharzial affection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 March 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2424, Nonlinear Image Processing VI, (28 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.205261
Show Author Affiliations
Ahmed M. Badawi, Cairo Univ. (Egypt)
Ahmed M. Hashem, Cairo Univ. (Egypt)
Abou-Bakr M. Youssef, Cairo Univ. (Egypt)
Mohamed F. Abdel-Wahab, Cairo Univ. (Egypt)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2424:
Nonlinear Image Processing VI
Edward R. Dougherty; Jaakko T. Astola; Harold G. Longbotham; Nasser M. Nasrabadi; Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, Editor(s)

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