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Proceedings Paper

A blue optical filter for narrow-band imaging in endoscopic capsules
Author(s): M. F. Silva; M. Ghaderi; L. M. Goncalves; G. de Graaf; R. F. Wolffenbuttel; J. H. Correia
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents the design, simulation, fabrication, and characterization of a thin-film Fabry-Perot resonator composed of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and silicon dioxide (SiO2) thin-films. The optical filter is developed to be integrated with a light emitting diode (LED) for enabling narrow-band imaging (NBI) in endoscopy. The NBI is a high resolution imaging technique that uses spectrally centered blue light (415 nm) and green light (540 nm) to illuminate the target tissue. The light at 415 nm enhances the imaging of superficial veins due to their hemoglobin absorption, while the light at 540 nm penetrates deeper into the mucosa, thus enhances the sub-epithelial vessels imaging. Typically the endoscopes and endoscopic capsules use white light for acquiring images of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, implementing the NBI technique in endoscopic capsules enhances their capabilities for the clinical applications. A commercially available blue LED with a maximum peak intensity at 404 nm and Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM) of 20 nm is integrated with a narrow band blue filter as the NBI light source. The thin film simulations show a maximum spectral transmittance of 36 %, that is centered at 415 nm with FWHM of 13 nm for combined the blue LED and a Fabry Perot resonator system. A custom made deposition scheme was developed for the fabrication of the blue optical filter by RF sputtering. RF powered reactive sputtering at 200 W with the gas flows of argon and oxygen that are controlled for a 5:1 ratio gives the optimum optical conditions for TiO2 thin films. For SiO2 thin films, a non-reactive RF sputtering at 150 W with argon gas flow at 15 sccm results in the best optical performance. The TiO2 and SiO2 thin films were fully characterized by an ellipsometer in the wavelength range between 250 nm to 1600 nm. Finally, the optical performance of the blue optical filter is measured and presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9129, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care IV, 912915 (8 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052593
Show Author Affiliations
M. F. Silva, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
M. Ghaderi, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
L. M. Goncalves, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
G. de Graaf, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
R. F. Wolffenbuttel, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
J. H. Correia, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9129:
Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care IV
Jürgen Popp; Valery V. Tuchin; Dennis L. Matthews; Francesco Saverio Pavone; Paul Garside, Editor(s)

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